Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a condition that affects a woman’s emotional and physical health and behaviour during certain days of her menstrual cycle. PMS generally start 5 to 11 days before menstruation and typically goes away once menstruation begins.
Even though PMS is so common, affecting over 90% of women, it is still fairly misunderstood and untreated. For the millions of women affected, the symptoms are very real.
Symptoms of PMS
- Breast swelling and tenderness, abdominal bloating and weight gain are experienced by approximately 65 to 72% of women.
- Cravings for sweets, an increased appetite, headaches, dizziness or fainting and fatigue are reported to affect 24 to 35% of women.
- Nervousness, mood changes, irritability and anxiety affect 66 to 75% of women
- Between 23 to 37% of women say they experience tearfulness, depression, forgetfulness, confusion and insomnia.
What causes PMS?
The cause is unknown, but many researchers believe it could be related to a change in both sex hormone and serotonin levels at the beginning of the menstrual cycle. Some vitamin and mineral deficiencies are also thought to worsen certain PMS symptoms. These include deficiencies in, vitamin B6, vitamin E and zinc.
How do you treat PMS?
Due to the complexities of PMS, there is no single effective treatment. However, some studies have shown that certain vitamins and minerals may help to ease certain symptoms.
Some women have found that using evening primrose oil can be effective for both premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and breast pain. In fact, results of a study published in 2010 in the Alternative Medicine Review found that evening primrose oil used in combination with vitamin E may improve breast pain or tenderness.
Evening primrose oil is the oil from the seed of the evening primrose plant and is used as a dietary source of essential fatty acids.
Try this product to ease your symptoms!
Primeve Plus is an evening primrose oil supplement containing magnesium, vitamin B6, vitamin E and zinc.
The addition of vitamin B6 may help with PMS symptoms, including moodiness, irritability, forgetfulness and anxiety, while magnesium may also help relieve some PMS symptoms. It can be taken by children from 9 years old.
Visit www.primeveplus.co.za for more information.
Other tips to help ease your symptoms
- Exercise regularly
- Get enough sleep
- Follow a healthy, balanced diet
- Avoid foods that contain too much caffeine, salt and sugar in the two weeks leading up to your period.
- Studies have shown that calcium, found in foods such as milk, cheese and yoghurt, may help reduce some PMS symptoms including fatigue and depression.
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
Up to 5% of women of childbearing age suffer from premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). This is a health problem similar to PMS, but with more serious symptoms that may require medication or other treatments. Speak to your doctor if your PMS symptoms are severely affecting your quality of life.
This article is for information and educational purposes only and is not intended to provide medical or other professional advice. Studies as part of the references were not conducted on Primeve Plus. This unregistered medicine has not been evaluated by the South African Health Products Regulatory Authority for its quality, safety or intended use. For more information on your medical condition and treatment options, speak to your healthcare professional.
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